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Wildlife in Kerala

7 Best Wildlife Sanctuaries in Kerala

There are a number of popular wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala housing exotic and rare species of flora and fauna. Nestled in the elaborate forest of the stunning Western Ghats or Sahyadri Ranges in Kerala are fourteen wildlife sanctuaries and two tiger reserves. Kerala also has six national parks containing protected and endangered species like the Indian Sloth-Bear, Lion-Tailed Macaque, Indian Bison, Bengal Tiger, and Nilgiri Tahr etc.

Check out the list of best wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala:

1. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Nestled in the hills of the Western Ghats, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary or the Thekkady Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most popular tourist locations in Kerala. Spread over an area of 675 sq km, this wildlife sanctuary is a reservoir of several endemic, rare and endangered species of animals.

Named after the Periyar Lake, which is located within the sanctuary, this wildlife reservoir is home to 1800 flowering plants, 171 grass species, 143 species of orchids, 35 species of mammals and 265 species of birds.

  1. Best time to visit - November to April
  2. Nearest Railhead - Kottayam
  3. Closest Airport - Madurai
  4. Location: Kumily, Thekkady

2. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

The Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary is situated in the Palakkad district of Kerala. Blessed with rich flora and fauna, the sanctuary offers excellent opportunities to experience Kerala wild life in their all-natural habitat. Located beside the Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary, the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is now under consideration of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee to be stated as a World Heritage Site.

Apart from 39 species of mammals, 16 species of amphibians, 268 ranges of birds, 61 species of reptiles and 124 types of butterflies, the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to four indigenous tribes that have made their colonies in the sanctuary.

  • Best time to visit - November to April
  • Nearest railhead - Palakkad
  • Location: Parambikulam Road, Anappady, Thunakadavu, Palakkad 678661

3. Begur Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in the plateau region of Western Ghats, Begur Wildlife Sanctuary has an exotic variety of fauna. The tourist-friendly climate and also picturesque surroundings make it one of the most popular wildlife sanctuaries in the state. The variety of trees and wildlife thriving indicate a fine balance of nature.

  • Best time to visit: December to May
  • Nearest railway station: Thalassery Railway Station
  • Nearest town: Mananthavady

4. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Lying in Devikulam Taluk of Idukki district, Chinnar was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 1984. It lies in the rain darkness area of the Western Ghats. It is the second environment for the endangered grizzled giant squirrel in India. With an area of 90.422 sq kms, Chinnar has the one-of-a-kind tough scrub woodland with xerophytic varieties.

  • Best time to visit: December to March
  • Nearest railway station: Ernakulam
  • Nearest airport: Kochi Airport

5. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, portion of the Wayanad Plateau noted for an expansion of Bandipur National Park and also a component of the Nilgiri Biosphere level above an area of 344 sq.km has comprises a lot of fascinating features such as rich brief forests, huge range of animals including tigers, leopards, elephants, wild dogs, civets, bears etc.

A fantastic valley called "Lakkidi" which is inside the sanctuary experiences the biggest ordinary rainfall in Kerala as well as tribal groups of the Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis and also Kattunaikkans.

  • Best Time to Visit: June to October.
  • Nearest railway station: Thalassery Railway Station
  • Nearest airport: Calicut Airport

6. Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

Kumarakom also called as “Vembanad Bird Sanctuary” is positioned on the eastern bank of the Vembanad Lake (a biggest or greatest freshwater lake in Kerala or in India) no surprise a heaven for all the bird lovers and ornithologists. Besides the fascinating Indian ranges of birds, like egret, cormorant, Brahminy kite, waterfowl as well as heron, this haven is additionally a preferred location to watch several fantastic migratory birds like Siberian Stork, Darter, Teal and Egret and many species of coastal and freshwater fishes.

7. Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary

The Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the northernmost part of Kerala. In contrast to other wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala, this sanctuary has a number of hill ranges that have an elevation between 50 m to 1145 m. The highest peak is of Katti Betta and its slopes are covered in lush semi-evergreen forests.

Belonging of the Western Ghats, the Aralam Wildlife sanctuary is rich in flora and also fauna and also has a huge variety of plants and animals. You can identify leopards, jungle felines and different sort of squirrels in these wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala.

  • Best time to visit - June to October
  • Nearest railhead - Thalassery
  • Location: Kannur, Kerala 670674