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Humayun Tomb

Humayun Tomb

Type: Royal Mausoleum

Construction Started: 1565 AD

Construction Completed: 1572 AD

Cost of Construction: 15 lakh rupees

Maintained By: Archeological Survey of India (ASI)

Built by: Hamida Banu Begum

Where is it Located: Delhi, India

Why was it Built: Tomb to house the mortal remains of Humayun, the second Mughal Emperor of India

Dimensions: 47 m in height; 91 m in width

Materials Used: Red Sand Stone

Architectural Style: Mughal

Architect: Mirak Mirza Ghiyath from Persia

Other Tombs in the Complex: Isa Khan Niyazi’s tomb, Afsarwala tomb, Barber’s tomb

Visit Timing: Sunrise to sunset, all days of the week (best time to visit is between 8:00 am to 6:00 pm).

Entry Fee: Rs. 10 per head for citizens of India, visitors of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries. Rs. 250 per head for foreign nationals. Children up to 15 years do not require entry fee.

How to Reach: Easily accessible by road as well as by Delhi Metro. The nearest railway station is Nizammudin. Nearest Metro stations are, Jorbagh and Race Course stations (both on the Yellow line) are the nearest. AC/non AC buses can be availed from Rajiv Chowk/ISBT/Nizamuddin to reach Humayun’s Tomb Complex. Autos plying all over the city can also be availed.

About Humayun Tomb

The last refuge of Mughal Emperor Humayun reminds instead of a luxurious palace than a tomb.

Located in the eastern part of Delhi, Humayun's tomb is just one of the best preserved Mughal monuments. This spellbinding mausoleum is the first instance of Mughal style in India.

After a century from its construction, Humayun's tomb inspired the construction of the more famous Taj Mahal.

From the point of view of the history of architecture this building is the unique connecting link between the Gur Emir, where Humayun's ancestor Tamerlane is buried, and the mausoleum of his grandson Shah Jahan, i.e. Taj Mahal.

Humayun's tomb was built thanks to the initiative of his widow Hamida Banu Begum that started the construction of a mausoleum for her deceased husband in 1565, nine years after his death. The building construction was finished in 1572.

The architecture of the tomb is strongly influenced by Persian architecture. The architect of the building Mirak Mirza Ghiyas himself was of Persian origin. Ghiyas constructed the tomb in the center of a Persian-style chaharbagh garden (equated from Farsi - four gardens) with quadrilateral form. The garden, split in four almost all by walkways or streaming water is produced to appear like the heaven garden explained in the Quran. These four main parts on their turn are separated by channels to 36 parts.

From the 17th to the 19th centuries the garden was gradually filled with the tombs of Humayun's descendants as well as his entourage. Several Mughal emperors are also buried inside Humayun's mausoleum. Humayun's mausoleum has earned the title of the necropolis of the Mughal dynasty. No sepulcher in India or somewhere else includes such a high variety of tomb of the Mughal emperors and also their family members. Moreover, Humayun's tomb is the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent.

The lower tier of this rectangular construction is decorated with graceful arches, which are located around the whole perimeter of the building.

The cenotaph of the leader is located in the center of the upper tier in a big space decorated with numerous rows of arched windows.

The central chamber is octagonal with corner-chambers which house the graves of various other members of the royal family. The real grave of the emperor is on the basement floor.

The architecture of the mausoleum has information both from Persian architecture and Indian architectural traditions.

The Persian impact can be seen in the arched alcoves, corridors and also the high dual dome, while Indian traditions have inspired the creation of the kiosks, which give it a pyramidal outline from distance.