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Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar, Delhi

Status: UNESCO World Heritage Site

Constructed By: Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur

Built in Year: 1724

Jantar Mantar Location: Sansad Marg, Near Connaught Place

Nearest Metro Station to Jantar Mantar: Patel Chowk

Jantar Mantar Address: Sansad Marg, Connaught Place, New Delhi, Delhi 110001

Jantar Mantar built by Sawai Jai Singh II is an example of the scientific advancementsof medieval India. Built in 1724, this structure lies at the heart of the city as a symbol of the technological strides of the Rajput dynasty. Jai Singh developed four such observatories in Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi.

During Muhammad Shah's rule, the Hindu as well as Muslim astrologers were associated with a never-ending discussion about the planetary positions. They wanted to determine an auspicious hour for the king's expedition. So Sawai Jai Singh decided to place an end to this concern by rectifying the astronomical tables.

This resulted in the construction of Jantar Mantar. So Jai Singh sent amission to the King of Lisbon which brought back a telescope and an astronomer called Xavier De Silva. The Jantar Mantar in Delhi was established inspired by the observatory in Samarkand.

There are different structures in different shapes in Jantar Mantar to measure the movement of the planetary bodies.

The large red sloping framework in Jantar Mantar is the sundial or the Samrat Yantra. It is an equinoctial sun dial. The sundial cast the darkness which is used to determine the moment as well as the activity of planetary positions. The Misra Yantra can gauge the shortest and longest day of the year. Besides this there is the Ram Yantra as well as the Jay Prakash Yantra meant to keep an eye on the movement of celestial bodies.

The Jantar Mantar is therefore a reflection of the rational mind of Indians which developedyears ago.

History of Jantar Mantar, Delhi

The History of Jantar Mantar traces the history of astronomical interest of India. The Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory in Delhi created by King Sawai Jai Singh II. Located in the bustling Sansad Marg, the Jantar Mantar is one more example of the scientific achievements of ancient India.

Created in the year 1724, the observatory was the outcome of Sawai Jai Singh's passion for astronomy related subjects. It was called the Yantra Mantra. Jai Singh developed four various other such observatories in Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi.

Jantar Mantar was created to keep track of activities of the heavenly bodies. It contains different abstract structures which were used to know the deepest secrets of universe.

During the reign of Muhammad Shah, the Hindu and also Muslim astrologists were associated with brainstorming discussion about certain worldly placements. So to put an end to that and likewise to figure out one of the most advantageous hour for the emperor's expedition, Sawai Jai Singh determined to remedy the expensive tables. This resulted in the building of Jantar Mantar

The vast red sloping framework in the Jantar Mantar is the timepiece which is referred to as the Samrat Yantra. It is an equinoctial sunlight dial. The sundial casts the shadows to calculate the time as well as the activity of planetary positions. There is a Misra Yantra which has a number of features and it can likewise determine the shortest and also lengthiest day of the year.

Besides this, the Ram Yantra as well as the Jay Prakash Yantra was implied to keep track of the movement of celestial bodies.

Traveler Attractions in Jantar Mantar

Jantar Mantar of New Delhi holds 13 astronomical structures that were built from 18th century.

Top instruments to spot in Jantar Mantar are:

  • Samrat Yantra - A large hour sundial that stands parallel the axis of Earth. It is a high accuracy sundial. Climb the staircases to check the time in the timepiece.
  • Jayaprakash Yantra- This is a hemisphere like structure, which is utilized for aligning position of stars to various markings.
  • Misra Yantra- This tool helps to determine the longest & shortest days of the year. It likewise shows the right moment of noon.
  • Although the accuracy of reading is questionable, the astronomical structures are astonishing as they were made many centuries ago utilizing brick, limestone and plaster.
How to Reach Jantar Mantar

The observatory is located in the center of the city. You can quickly find buses, trains, rickshaws and autos from any part of the city to Jantar Mantar. If you are staying in a high-end hotel, you can find pre-paid car services too. The nearest railway station is located in Rajiv Chowk as well as Patel Chowk. Get down at the Rajiv Chowk metro station Gate 6as well as work with auto or taxi to reach the monument. It is 2 kmaway from the observatory. If choosing Patel Chowk station, the observatory is at walking distance from the station.

The observatory located in Connaught Palace which is a common landmark in Delhi. Hence, you can conveniently reach the observatory from any kind of part of the city. The observatory is 2.5 kilometres away from New Delhi railway station. You can hire buses from any type of part of the city to Palika Kendra bus stand, which is very close to the entry gate of the observatory.

Best Time to Visit Jantar Mantar

The observatory goes to prime beauty throughout the year. Touristsare allowed to make use of the equipment to watch the heavenly bodies. Hence, select clear days of summeror winter. Cloudy as well as wet days can hinder the view. Moreover, going to in the early morning will certainly help you explore the place in slow pace.

Entry Fee and Visiting Time in Jantar Mantar

The observatory is open to public from 10 in the morning to 6 at evening. It takes around 45 minutes to check out the entire palace.

Indian citizens are charged INR 15 per head. Children under the age of 15 are free to enter. Visitors are allowed to use camera without any charge. Video cameras are charged INR 25 per electronic camera. Foreigners are charged INR 150 per head.