Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid

Construction Started: 1644

Construction Completed: 1656

Cost of Construction: 1 million rupees

Who Built It: Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan

Maintained By: Delhi Waqf Board

Where is it Located: Delhi, India

Structure Type: Mosque

Dimensions: 80m in length; 27m in width; 41m in its highest point

Materials Used: Red Sandstone, Marble

Architectural Style: Islamic

Architect: Ustad Khalil

Capacity: 25,000

Visit Timing: 7am to 12pm, 1:30pm to 6:30pm, and all days of the week

Entry Fee: Free entry, Rs. 200-300 photography charge, Rs. 100 from climbing the southern minaret

How to Reach: Walking distance from Old Delhi Railway station and ISBT Kashmiri Gate. Chawri Bazaar is the nearest Metro Station - 500m away. AC and non-AC buses connect Jama Masjid to the entire Old and New Delhi. Autos and taxis can also be availed to reach here.

If we are talking about Jama Masjid - the biggest Mosque of India, after that it’s genuinely a gem to be seen! Registered as UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is the main mosque of Old Delhi. Asked by Emperor Shah Jahan-- the Mughal Emperor; it was started in the year 1650 and completed in 1656. The factor besides it architecture as well as design why it so popular is the truth that it can house 25,000 worshippers in a single prayer-- which is held every Friday-- the Jummah!

History

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan builds the Jama Mosque in between 1644 and also 1656. It was constructed by more than 5000 workers. It was originally called Masjid-i-Jahan Numa, indicating 'mosque commanding view of the world'. The building was done under the supervision of Saadullah Khan, wazir (or prime minister) throughout Shah Jahan's reign. The cost of the construction at the time was 1 million Rupees. Shah Jahan also built the Taj Mahal, at Agra and also the Red Fort in New Delhi, which stands opposite the Jama Masjid The Jama Masjid was completed in 1656 AD (1066 AH). The mosque was inaugurated by an Imam Bukhari, a mullah from Bukhara, Uzbekistan, on 23 July 1656, on the invitation from Shah Jahan. Regarding 25,000 peoples can pray in the courtyard each time and it is in some cases considered India's biggest mosque. The mosque is commonly called "Jama" which means Friday.

After the British victory in Rebellion of 1857, they seized the mosque as well as stationed their soldiers here. They also wished to destroy the mosque to punish the people of the city. But because of opposition faced with, the demolition was not done.

The famous mosque is among the last monuments built under Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. After the construction of the monument in 1656, it stayed the royal mosque of the emperors until the end of the Mughal period.

Architectural Appeal of Jama Masjid

  • Mosque is 260 feet long, 90 feet wide. Its roof is covered with 3 domes with alternative stripes of black and white. The top of dome is plated with gold.
  • The minarets are 130 feet high with 130 steps, flanked with black as well as white marble.
  • The minarets are subsequently divided by 3 projecting galleries with top covered with gold.
  • The arched entrances are actually tablets of white marble, 4 ft long and 2.5 ft wide with inscriptions in black.