Wildlife in Sri Lanka – Sri Lanka is popular for the amount of wild elephants that gather in groups in the national parks. Sri Lanka is one of the best areas in Asia for seeing wildlife. It is also one of the best all-round wildlife destinations in the world for a mix of big game, marine life and varied landscapes, all packed into a compact area with a very good tourism infrastructure. The island’s isolation from the mainland, the heavy rainfall of both diagonally-blowing monsoons, and also the country wide variety of altitudes, have given Sri Lanka a variation in climate as well as biodiversity normally located just throughout a whole continent. On top of that, the island has ended up being called the most convenient place on the planet to see the hitherto evasive blue whale, the largest animal to have ever lived in the planet.
Wildlife National Park in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka boasts of its all-natural bounty. For over 2,000 years, swathes of land have actually been protected as shelters by Sri Lankan aristocracy – Mihintale, the globe’s initial get, was created below in the third century BC. Now there are 100 locations of safeguarded land in the nation, as well as this is the choice of the number.
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5 Best National Parks in Sri Lanka
1. Yala National Park
Located in the south-east of Sri Lanka, Yala is a beautiful area of lowland dry scrub sitting on a long stretch of coastline, punctuated by rocky outcrops. It is the leading national forest of Sri Lanka, and also arguably one of the very best for mammals in Asia.
The top draw is the Sri Lankan leopard, a sub-species endemic to the country; in certain areas of the park, the average leopard density is as high as one cat to every square kilometer. During the fruiting of the palu trees in June and July, sloth bears are often observed.
Other animals you might spot include sambal (a large deer), detected deer, buffalo, wild pig, stripe-necked as well as ruddy mongooses, langur monkey, toque monkey, gold jackal as well as Indian palm civet.
The combination of freshwater, marine, scrub as well as woodland areas makes sure a high variety of birds. Indeed, the park hosts 220 different types, and also serious twitchers have actually videotaped 100 species in a single day.
- Best for: Leopards – the park hosts around 30, a few of which are fairly bold for this normally secretive cat.
- Drive time from Colombo: 6 hrs.
- What’s nearby? Top-class surfing at Arugam Bay.
2. Udawalawe National Park
Established during 1972, with a dry land of area 119 square miles. It generally has a very humid but cozy environment, very favorable for a lot of varieties that live there. It is home to also plants such as Satin trees, ebony, and so on. However the main attraction is the elephants of which this reserve is very famous for. The endangered Sambar deer as well as leopards along with a great deal of creatures can be seen while on Safari. Bird watching is done right here to see the Sri Lankan spur fowl a native species in along to a great deal of other birds.
- Best for: Wild elephants – there are around 500 in the park.
- Drive time from Colombo: Four hrs
- What’s nearby? Tea-plantation-covered hills.
3. Wasgamuwa National Park
Wasgamuwa National Park is one of the best national parks in Sri Lanka. It earned its name as a national park during the Mahaweli Development Project in 1984 in which it provide refuge to countless displaced wild animals. Originally it was supposedly considered as a nature reserve in 1938, and afterwards in the very early 1970’s the park was regarded as a stringent nature reserve. This is one of the places in Sri Lanka where elephants can be seen in huge numbers. It also rises up to prominence for bird-watchers as well, and is likewise thought about as one of the Vital Bird Areas in Sri Lanka. The name of Wasgamuwa is a derivative of 2 words Walas Gamuwa where Walasa is the Sinhala word for the Sloth Bear and Gamuwa which means wood. The park is merely almost 225 km far from the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
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- Best for: Elephants – 150 eat the park’s scrub.
- Driving time from Colombo: 5 hrs
- What’s nearby? The remarkable, Buddha-packed caves of Dambulla.
4. Sinharaja Forest Reserve
Situated in the wet south-west of the island, this is the country’s premier rainforest. The canopy towers up to 45m in places and more than half of the trees below are found no place else on the world. Mixed-species bird flocks are a key function of Sinharaja. Around six native to the island birds might make up one flock, consisting of varieties such as red-faced malkoha, green-billed coucal and Sri Lankan blue magpie. Animals existing include leopard, purple-faced langur, barking deer and 3 types of squirrel.
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- Best for: Birds – the mixed flocks here have gone through the longest study of the phenomenon.
- Driving time from Colombo: Five hours
- What’s nearby? Head due southern to the laid-back beaches of Mirissa.
5. Wilpattu National Park
Located along the north-west coast 26km from Puttalam, popular for its unique lakes called Villus. The park covers 425 sq ft of the coastal area. This is generally a dry zone yet still has the ability to accommodate an impressive variety of wildlife. It is also one of the biggest as well as oldest national parks of the country. Because the park lies in a located dry zone the average temperature level is about 27 levels. In spite of its climate and place the park is covered with really dense bushes, a huge stretch of meadows, and also a bountiful amount of water for a park situated in a completely dry location. The major attractions in the park are the native sloth bears, leopards, barking deer’s and elephants.
- Best for: Sightings of the elusive sloth bear.
- Driving time from Colombo: 4 hours
- What’s nearby? The sacred 2,000-year-old bodhi tree amid the monuments of the old city of Anuradhapura.
- The Elephant Gathering at Minneriya National Park (June – September)
- Otters and Sambar Deer at Horton Plains National Park
- Seeing a leopard at Yala National Pak
- Large herds of elephants at Uda Walawe National Park
- Watching sloth bear in Wilpattu National Park
- Meeting the monkey population of Polonnaruwa
For more information on wildlife in Sri Lanka and holiday packages contact Swan Tours or call 011 23415601.